New York requires all firearms sales at gun shows to be processed by a licensed dealer. Prospective purchasers are subject to the same background check process that applies to retail firearm transfers and all dealers processing transactions must record the transfer, retain the transfer records for 10 years, and make the records available to law enforcement. A National Instant Criminal Background Check must be completed prior to all firearm sales or transfers, including sales or transfers of rifles or shotguns. The sale or transfer of a firearm, rifle, or shotgun at a Gun Show without first conducting a Background Check is a crime. It is also a crime to offer or agree to sell a firearm, rifle, or shotgun at a Gun Show and then transfer it to another location for the purpose of avoiding a National Instant Criminal Background Check. All federally licensed dealers can perform a background check at a cost.